The purpose of the milking routine is:
- To facilitate the descent of the alveolar milk to the cistern of the nipple.
- Clean and disinfect the skin surface of the nipple as well as the sphincter.
- Position the milking unit correctly and well aligned throughout the milking.
The physiology of lowering milk in cows is the basis for the ordering of work in the milking parlor during milking.
It is what we always have to respect if we want to have healthy, long-lived animals and therefore are economically productive. Achieving the objectives of the physiology of the cow’s udder during milking is translated into the routine of milking. The basis of a good milking routine is:
- Time of contact, between the hands of the milker and the nipples of the cow, minimum of 20 seconds. It is the time necessary to remove the first jets of milk and then dry and / or clean the skin surface of the nipple. The contact is usually made in two phases: the first one (between 2 and 5 jets of milk) and the second of manual drying of the surface of the skin of the nipples with a cloth or paper of the previously applied disinfection product. This product needs a time of activity on the surface of the nipple of about 20-30 seconds.
- Waiting time from the start of blunted to the milking machine placement between 60 to 90 seconds.
- According to the type of milking machine and the number of milkers we must adjust the work and handling of the milking to the established times. Cows should enter the milking parlor quietly and routinely. They should not remain in the milking (between time in the waiting room and milking) more than two and a half hours a day. Therefore it is important to optimize the management and design of the waiting room: